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Debt Consolidation Explained: How It Works and Its Impact on Your Credit Score

Lendstart Updated: August 14, 2023 • 3 min read
Deb consolidation

Understandably, you might have questions about debt consolidation and its effect on your credit report. If this applies to you and you're searching for answers to "Does debt consolidation hurt your credit?" you've come to the right place. This article will cover key insights about debt management, including the best way to consolidate debt and its impact on your credit score.

How Does Debt Consolidation Work?

To begin, let's go over exactly what debt consolidation refers to: it's a strategy that involves combining multiple debts into a single payment. 

Often, people achieve this through a loan or a credit card. The goal? To simplify the debt repayment process and pay less interest on the outstanding debt. Some people seek it as a possible solution for managing multiple repayments at different interest rates rather than making several payments each month.

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Does Debt Consolidation Hurt Your Credit?

The simple answer to whether it negatively affects your credit is yes, it can. However, the extent of any damage it will do varies from person to person and is also temporary—that's why it's so important to understand the details and context of consolidating debt before making any decisions. 

When you first consolidate, you will often see a drop in your credit score due to the hard credit score inquiry associated with securing a new loan. But here's the thing: the impact isn't always negative. Your repayment behavior plays a significant role in the outcome.

When Debt Consolidation May Raise Your Credit Score

Fortunately, debt consolidation can potentially elevate your credit score in some instances! 

There are two prominent examples when this rings true: lower credit utilization and on-time payments. 

When you lower credit utilization, it can reflect positively. Plus, with consolidated payments, maintaining consistent on-time payments may further boost your creditworthiness over time.

Alternatives to Debt Consolidation

While this can certainly be an effective debt management option for some people, it isn't the only way to go. Exploring other alternatives before opting for a debt consolidation plan is helpful, such as 

  • Personal Loan: Rather than consolidating debts, you might take out a personal loan with a lower interest rate to pay off high-interest debt. 
  • Home Equity Loan or Line of Credit: If you have equity in your home, you can borrow against it. However, this does put your home at risk if you can't repay the loan. 
  • Adjust Your Budget and Lifestyle: Sometimes, the best approach is to tighten your belt. This might involve cutting unnecessary expenses, seeking additional income sources, or even downsizing. 
  • Bankruptcy: As a last resort, some people consider bankruptcy. While it can provide a fresh start, it has a lasting negative impact on your credit score and might not wipe out all debts. 
  • Tap Into Retirement Funds: Some consider borrowing from their 401(k) or other retirement funds. While it's generally discouraged due to the potential tax implications and the risk to your future retirement, it's an option for some.


Ultimately, the best way to consolidate debts often depends on your unique financial situation and preferences—and the good news is you're here researching to make the most informed decision for your unique circumstances. 

Remember, a hard inquiry on your credit history comes with getting a new loan. This means it's likely your credit score may temporarily drop when you first consolidate. However, if you are consistent with on-time payments and reduce credit utilization, debt consolidation could positively impact your overall credit score over time. 

Check out our guide to debt consolidation next to continue your research.



How long does a debt consolidation stay on your credit?

Debt consolidation stays on your credit report as long as the debt consolidation loan remains open. However, if you miss payments, these can stay on your credit report for up to seven years, even after the debt is paid.

What risk does debt consolidation bring?

The biggest risks with consolidating debts include the following: -The possibility of needing to take out another loan -Raising your interest rates -Taking on more debt than you can handle -Missing payments and negatively affecting your credit score

Can you still get a loan after debt consolidation?

You may qualify for a loan even if your credit score is low due to prior financial mismanagement. However, it will likely come with high-interest rates and fees.

Is it better to pay off or settle a debt?

Like most financial decisions, the right move depends on your unique circumstances. If you can pay off the debt in full, then this is often the right move for your credit score. If you can't afford that, it may be wiser to consider settling the debt—but make sure you explore other options before doing so, as it can remain on your credit report for several years.

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