Update: As predicted, the Federal Reserve made the decision to temporarily pause interest rates during its June 14, 2023 meeting. This marked the first rate pause after ten consecutive rate hikes. Fed Chair Jerome Powell has indicated, however, that rate hikes will resume next month.
As the Federal Reserve contemplates its next move, there are indications that it may finally pause its series of interest rate hikes in June 2023. Two key factors that contribute to this potential decision are the strong recent jobs data and the gradual easing of inflation.
Let’s explore the reasons behind a potential pause in rate hikes this month.
Strong Jobs Data Signals a Strengthening Economy
According to recent reports, the Federal Reserve's decision to potentially pause rate hikes in June 2023 may be influenced by impressive jobs data. Last month alone, the US economy added 339,000 jobs, demonstrating a significant increase in employment opportunities. Sectors that added jobs included: professional and business services, healthcare, leisure and hospitality and construction.
At the same time, unemployment rose slightly from 3.4% to 3.7% and wage growth slowed down. This shows that the Fed’s policy has been working in terms of cooling inflation.
This surge in job creation suggests that the labor market is robust and that the economy is gaining momentum. The Federal Reserve closely monitors employment figures as a crucial factor in determining the health of the economy. With this substantial job growth, the central bank may consider pausing rate hikes to support and nurture this positive economic trend.
Inflation Slowly but Surely Letting Up
Another crucial aspect that might influence the Federal Reserve's decision to pause rate hikes is the gradual easing of inflation. The New York Times reports that while inflation has been a major concern in recent months, there are indications that it is gradually subsiding. Inflationary pressures have been attributed to various factors, including supply chain disruptions and pent-up consumer demand. However, recent data suggests that these pressures are beginning to stabilize, providing some relief to policymakers. If inflation continues to show signs of moderation, the Federal Reserve may view this as an opportune moment to pause rate hikes and assess the overall economic landscape.
*Source: YCharts - US Inflation Rate
A Balanced Approach: A Pause Does Not Indicate the End of Rate Hikes
It is important to note that while there are indications of a potential pause in rate hikes, policymakers remain cautious. Some Federal Reserve officials have emphasized that a pause in rate hikes does not signify an end to the tightening cycle. The central bank aims to strike a delicate balance between supporting economic growth and managing inflationary pressures. By pausing rate hikes in June 2023, the Federal Reserve can gather more data and assess the impact of previous rate increases before determining the appropriate path forward. This measured approach allows policymakers to respond to economic indicators effectively and make informed decisions.
Will the Housing Market Benefit from a Pause?
Perhaps the group hit hardest by the Fed’s year-long rate hike campaign are prospective home buyers. While the Fed doesn’t directly set interest rates for mortgages, its decisions do impact rates. Although mortgage rates have recently dropped from their recent highs, mortgage demand remains low among Americans. This is due not only to high mortgage rates, but also historically low housing inventory available. If the Fed pauses rate hikes this month, it’s possible that demand will pick back up again. The only thing that we can predict is more volatility in the housing market.
The Federal Reserve's potential pause in rate hikes in June 2023 can be attributed to two key factors: strong jobs data and easing inflation. With the addition of 339,000 jobs last month, the labor market exhibits robustness and signals a strengthening economy. Moreover, the gradual easing of inflationary pressures provides policymakers with some breathing room. However, it is essential to recognize that a pause in rate hikes does not imply the end of the tightening cycle. The Federal Reserve remains committed to maintaining a balanced approach to foster economic growth while managing inflation. By carefully analyzing the economic landscape and considering various factors, the central bank can make informed decisions to ensure the stability and prosperity of the nation's economy.